(The Success of endosseous implants in HIV positive patients receiving antiretroviral therapy.
Oliveira, et al JADA142(7) Sept 2011)
Smoking increases the risk of implant infection, but is not a strict contraindication. A smoker also generally has more loss of bone and risk of infection around their natural teeth. (Kerduongbundit and Wikesjo J. Periodontol. March 2000)
Age may prevent placing implants in young people before they complete physiologic growth. This would be about sixteen for girls and seventeen or eighteen for boys. (Renouard, Rungert. Risk Factors in Implant Dentistry)
The scientific basis upon which modern implant dentistry rests is the result of research by Professor P. I. Branemark and co-
In 1966, Dr. Branemark began to place titanium screws in humans. He and co-
“Research has shown that there is a ten percent prevalence of bisphosphonate induced osteonecrosis (in the jaw bones) in patients without cancer and receiving medications like Fosamax, Actonel, and Boneva. For cancer patients receiving drugs like Zometa or Aredia (IV and higher doses) the only studies with documented follow-
(Prevalence of bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis in patients with cancer could be as high as 13.3 percent. Comesh Nalliah BDS. JADA 143(2) Feb. 2012)
The past ten years has brought many improvements in the implant shapes, surfaces, and in techniques to graft bone and soft tissue to sites that need implants.